Entreprenariat Educatif Européen

Implementation in a school of competence-based education at all levels: What is the role of the school leader and all stakeholders?

TEE International Conference (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Veszprém, June 27th 2014) 

My name is Nelly GUET.

First of all, I want to express my pleasure and honour for being invited to join this conference.  I am very glad today, because of this opportunity for an effective mutual cooperation.

I was a leader of 6 different schools for 22 years, 4 in France, one in Berlin and one in Switzerland : a kindergarten, primary schools, lower and upper secondary schools and a vocational school among them.

I have also been involved in the Executive Board of European associations of school heads and teachers for 15 years, such as ESHA, and AEDE-France as well as a Council Member of the ICP, the International Confederation of Principals. I’m also working in cooperation with the European Parents Association (EPA) since 2000.

Why do we need competence-based education?

Europeans should be more interested in the future of Europe if they want benefits for the youth in their own countries. Those experiencing a high rate of youth unemployment must urgently adopt different measures, otherwise violence, youth unemployment, lack of interest in school, anxiety about the future and lack of confidence will increase among youngsters.

Knowledge is not enough if we want to engage ourselves for more democracy and more equity at school and if we want to prepare our youth for lifelong learning.

To develop a competence-based education - including training and assessment of teachers and students, it is necessary to implement following steps:

1.      Self-evaluation of schools :

Involvement of students, teachers, parents and school leaders in a collegial work.

As you know, one of the successful practices in Finland is based on this method, while most of the countries still have inspection bodies.

At the end of the Nineties, a European project was launched in several European countries by the European Commission. This pilot project was called “evaluating quality in school education”. One of the tools was a practical guide to self-evaluation. 

I had the opportunity to use the “self-evaluation profile” and to put the proposed self-evaluation questionnaire into practice in my school three times.On the next slide you can read all the aspects of school life that were examined by all the partners. Each time about 50 representatives/delegates of students, parents, and teachers and 5 members of the leadership team had to answer all questions. Then we evaluated the weaknesses and strengths together and prepared the school development plan for the following 3 years.

A competence-based education has to consider not only input but also output, to measure results, which is much more relevant. There is often a gap between what is decided on at the top and what comes out in the classroom! These results were taken into account by the staff of our school and then some teachers decided to do peer-supervision. So it is a good way to create a new culture at school and to promote teamwork.

The “self-evaluation profile”:

Please, evaluate the school in relation to each area on the following scale.



As we are now*

Recent evolution


Academic achievement


          ++      +      -       -


Personal and social development


++      +      -       -


Pupils destinations


++      +      -       -





Time as a resource for learning


++      +      -       -


Quality of learning and teaching


++      +      -       -


Support for learning difficulties


++      +      -       -




School as a learning place


++      +      -       -


School as a social place


++      +      -       -


School as a professional place


++      +      -       -



School and home


++      +      -       -


School and community


++      +      -       -


School and work


++      +      -       -


Other area










Legend: ++ :major strengths in this area, + : strengths outweighs weaknesses, - : weaknesses outweigh strengths : major weaknesses in this area. The arrows indicate the trends since the previous evaluation two years before in the given area: upwards arrow means improvement, etc.

(More information on the self-evaluation profile here.

If we want to give students and parents new roles and responsibilities, the first step is to involve them in the internal evaluation of the school.

2.      Distributed school leadership and autonomy are required to enable individualised learning

To change learning methods at my school and to remind my teachers of this fact, I posted this statement on the door of the teacher’s room in our school:  (Joyce, B.R. & Showers, B) :

·        5% of learners will transfer a new skill into their practice as a result of theory.

·        10% will transfer a new skill into their practice as a result of theory and demonstration.

·        20% will transfer a new skill into their practice as a result of theory, demonstration and practice.

·        25% will transfer a new skill into their practice as a result of theory, demonstration, practice and feedback.

·        90% will transfer a new skill into their practice as a result of theory, demonstration, practice, feedback and coaching.

Competence-based learning, integrating initiative and responsibility for the learner and for all the partners working inside and outside the school means that we no longer have a “command and control policy”  from the centre, no longer a vertical hierarchy.

Instead of one huge institution (in France 1,5 Mio employees in the same ministry), we need to implement a  “school-based innovation”, allowing personalized learning with :

·       not on “age” but “stage” approach

·       “bottom up” instead of “top-down”

·        "empowerment ", allowing  teachers and school heads to have expanded responsibilities.

·       3 long terms replaced by 5 or 6 terms

·       flexible time management in the school : variable blocks of time are a flexible resource for teachers

·       a new design for buildings and learning spaces,

·       flexible student groups

If we want to  change the internal structure of the schools respecting these new rules,  some experiments – like Slash 21 in the Netherlands - show us that 13 years old students are able to choose what they want to learn, able to decide when and how, able to know why, connecting learning with their own future...

If we keep our rigid organization based on classes, where teaching is the same for all, we will still have thousands of students dropping out each year.

3.     Teacher recruitment : 

Access to studies leading to become a teacher must be selective because this profession requires personal and social skills. The choice of candidates should not only be based on purely intellectual criteria, but including  "soft skills".

Among the six "soft skills", which are usually required by employers, five are developed through involvement in youth organizations: communication, teamwork, decision-making, organizational skills and self-confidence.

The influence of "Informal Education": long-term and frequent involvement in youth work involves high "soft skills" development.

Training abroad includes acquiring higher language skills but also intercultural and leadership skills.


We have to take these skills learnt informally or non-formally into account, because 4 of the 8 key competences are transversal and teachers must have these key competences, to be able to collaborate with others and to work with and within society

Teacher training must prepare for life and work in a "learning community".

A school needs teachers with professional skills and personal commitment, who are professionals, but also facilitators, team members, researchers, lifelong learners, reflective practitioners ...

Future teachers have to get an approach to teaching that goes beyond traditional subject boundaries. Theyalso have to be trained as “leaders” in management and finance because they will have to organize external partnerships.

Teachers will have to recognize that “co-construction” is at the basis of knowledge and to be aware of the necessity to integrate the influence of non-formal and informal education.

4.      Competence-based training and assessment of teachers and school heads :

A “European” initial and in-service training will connect the future teachers and school leaders with European institutions, research institutes, universities, science centres, companies and associations involved in science, arts, finance, education, etc. They will learn to work with external partners of the school.

Collaborative practices enable teachers and students in some European countries to develop transversal skills mentioned among the “8 European key competences”, including science education, entrepreneurship education, financial education.

“Science education” is a good example. We all have to promote science education and to motivate children and school students for science and technology because this means more jobs and less unemployment for the young generations.  I was involved in different European projects such as “Hands on, Brains on” covering 8 European countries (among them Hungary, not France) led by Hannu Salmi, a researcher from Finland. The project was based on partnerships for schools particularly with science centres.

Formal, non-formal and informal education have to converge and to shape a new educational model and a long-term work. If we consider that a majority of the European students spend just 200 days at school in a year and about 165 days outside of school, we are easily convinced that not only teaching is important, but informal learning through activities carried on by parents, cities, associations, science centres, Universities and other partners are just as much.

I will not reflect today on the European projects eTwinning, ELOS (Europe as a Learning Environment) and ELICIT, for I am aware of the considerable involvement of AEDE-Hungary in these projects aiming at developing key competences for the future European citizen. Erasmus+ will also enable European teachers and other staff  to enhance project-based and problem-based learning, answering trans-disciplinary questions.

Just a reminder : The Elos Network uses the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages " from the Council of Europe (2000) and the “Common Framework for Europe Competence “ providing indicators for students aged 12-19. It is based on the" European key competences" and intends to build a concrete bridge between the core competences and practice in schools.

The ELICIT Framework aims at providing the conceptual framework which teacher trainers and lecturers could refer to when designing a course curriculum for initial or in-service teacher training = enhance European Citizenship Literacy Education by developing Competences in 7 areas: curriculum design, European culture, intercultural education, motivation and personal development, use of ICT, school ethos and evaluation.

These forms  of "European" teacher training  and, concerning school leadership, the European project ESLN - European School Leadership Network – which I was part of the steering group (in 2004-05-06) and now the EPNoSL- European Policy Network on School Leadership – ending with the final Conference next September, shouldallow our schools to implement a “competence-based education”.

5.      Cross collaborative activities between business and education world :

Self-commitment, personal development, innovation driven by ICT - companies and schools have a lot in common and much to share. To let students develop awareness, autonomy, the ability to make choices and take responsibility, discover their own motivations and potential, we have to involve companies in the daily life of the schools, to influence the design of student learning methods and/or of school buildings, adapted to the 21st century, enabling teachers to work with assistants, external partners, practicing teamwork.

Benchmarking :

We  should consider the company as "a developer of talent”, take the European recommendations and some successful and inspiring practices in Europe into account, mostly introduced by a public-private partnership -- Foundation - initiating change at school:


·       “MODUS 21” school experimentation led both by the Bavarian Ministry, companies and organizations in partnership and shared responsibility : http://bildungspakt-bayern.de/


·       Jetnet http://www.jet-net.nl/english Jet-Net, Youth and Technology Network Netherlands, is a joint initiative of leading Dutch technology companies and secondary (pre-college) schools. Together they provide students with practical content for the science curriculum, with a great variety of activities and also allow students to gain a better understanding of their future career prospects in industry and technology.,


·        Science in schools: a project aiming at changing or developing science education in schools of 11 European Countries. concerning cross collaborative activities between Business and Education world, led by the IBM Foundation, the European Commission,  European Schoolnet, CSR Europe, diverse European companies. I represented AEDE in the steering group.


·       In Germany, the publishing company Universum offers teachers of economics but also teachers of other disciplines contents in finance and social sciences from both companies and government within the framework of the Jugend und Bildung Foundation training: On the website “Lehrer on line” teachers find online courses, projects, educational materials for teaching economics and finance, but also on all social issues: : http://www.jugend-und-bildung.de http://www.lehrer-online.de/


·         The "Entrepreneurial Skills Pass” proposed by the Austrian Chamber of Commerce of Vienna, WKÖ in Austria http://www.unternehmerfuehrerschein.at/Content.Node/index.en.html recognized by the European Commission as a key device for developing all "entrepreneurial" skills but also "intrapreneurship", that is to say not only essential to the creative future business but also one that will work in a company where you will also need the same skills: organization, animation, decision making, teamwork, self-confidence, etc.


·         Developing financial literacy through private-public partnerships, training teachers and students : CYFI Child and Youth Finance International is an NGO, working worldwide  http://childfinanceinternational.org to make it possible that every child can have access to financial inclusion. By the collaborative work with a lot of partners (private and public), they could elaborate a Learning Framework and Curriculum Certification for financial education.

It is urgent to develop cross-collaborative activities between the business and the education worlds : companies should be allowed to provide training content; they also need to be more involved in the assessment of skills when training periods are set up.

It is urgent to develop cross collaborative activities between business and education world: companies should be allowed to provide training content; they also need to be more involved in the assessment of skills when training periods are set up.


Youth unemployment is one of the main challenges Europe is facing. To address the jobs crisis the EU’s 15-24 year olds are facing,  the European Investment Bank  has launched the “Skills and Jobs – Investing for Youth” programme, to enhance employability via “Investment in Skills”. “Without urgent action to develop our young jobseekers into a skilled and experienced workforce, Europe’s viability as an innovative and competitive market is at risk. Such an exceptional problem requires a coherent and coordinated response. The Bank’s programme is envisaged to complement … the multiple national and regional schemes initiated by the Member States.”

To conclude, we have reasons for hope in Europe. Other continents envy us for the know-how we have in innovation and creativity, but if these changes don't happen, we will fall behind. 


Dans son livre : "Virage européen ou mirage républicain? Quel avenir voulons-nous?", Nelly Guet démontre la sclérose du système éducatif français et fait des propositions européennes.